$referrer_host = www.google.com. POCl3 Geometry and Hybridization - Chemistry Steps

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P is the central atom, so we can draw a preliminary skeletal structure:

 

 

There are 5 + 3×7 + 6 = 32 valence electrons out of which, 8 are already taken to make four covalent bonds. From the remaining 24, 18 go to the Cl atoms as three lone pairs per each, three 6 to the oxygen as three lone pairs. This leaves the central atom with 4 atoms connected to it and no lone pairs. Therefore, both geometries are tetrahedral.

 

 

Steric number 4 corresponds to sp3-hybridization where the idealized bond angles are 109.5o. Because the groups on the central atom are not identical, the bond angles differ from the idealized values.

 

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