# 2. Mass, Mole, and Stoichiometry – 4 Pages

Atomic and Molecular Mass, Mole and Molar Mass, Calculating Moles from the Mass, Number of Atoms From Moles, Number of Atoms From the Mass, Number of Atoms in a Molecule, Percent Composition, Empirical Formula, Determining the Empirical and Molecular Formulas, Chemical Reactions and Chemical Equations, Balancing Chemical Equations, Indicating the States of Reactants and Products, Reaction Stoichiometry, Mass Calculations using Reaction Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant/Reagent, Percent Yield

# 4. VSEPR Theory – 2 Pages

VSEPR (valence shell electron pair repulsion) theory predicts the geometry of atoms and molecules. In this study guide, you will find the cleanest strategy and graphics for predicting the main electron and molecular geometries.

Get all the geometries, hybridizations, and bond angles in one place!

# 6. Chemical Kinetics – 5 Pages

Concentration and Change and Reaction Rate, Average Rate, Instantaneous Rate, Differential rate laws for relationship of reaction and rate and concentration, Integrated Rate Laws for the relationship of concentration and time, Determining the rate laws using the initial rate method and graphing the data from integrated rate laws, Reaction Mechanism, Energy Diagram, Elementary Steps, Rate-Determining Step, Activation Energy, Catalysis, The Arrhenius Equation and some strategies and examples for problem-solving.

# 8. Thermochemistry – 2 Pages

Key Terms and Concepts in Thermochemistry, system, surroundings, internal energy, and its relation to heat and work, state functions, Enthalpy, exothermic and endothermic reactions, and their application in calculating the heat of reaction, Hess’s law, Heat Capacity and Specific Heat, Specific heat capacity, Calorimetry, reactions under constant pressure, Bomb calorimetry, reaction when the volume is constant, Standard Enthalpies, Enthalpy of Reaction from Standard Enthalpies, Chemical Equations and Hrxn, Hess’s Law, Strategies an Examples of Problem-solving in Thermochemistry.

# 10. Nuclear Chemistry – 3 Pages

Review of Atomic Structure, Radioactivity and Nuclear Reactions, Transmutation, Alpha decay, Beta decay, Gamma radiation, Balancing Nuclear Equations, Positron Emission and Electron Capture, Nuclear Stability, Neutron to Proton Ratio and determining the type of nuclear reaction based on the band of stability, Magic Numbers, Rates of Radioactive Decay and Radiocarbon Dating, Energy Changes in Nuclear Reactions – why nuclear reactions are enormously exothermic, Nuclear Fission and Nuclear Fusion, Mass Defect and Nuclear Binding Energy with example calculations.

$14 # 11. Acids and Bases – 7 Pages Acid-Base theories, Strong and Weak Acids, Acid Strength and pKa, Factors that Affect the Acid Strength, Dissociation of Water, The pH Scale, Calculating the pH of a Strong Acid, The pOH Scale, Calculating the pH of Weak Acids, Weak Bases and Base Ionization Constants, Calculating the pH of Weak Bases, Calculating the pH of Polyprotic Acids, Relationship Between Ka and Kb, Calculating the pH of Salts, Salts That Yield Acidic Solutions, Salts That Yield Basic Solutions, Salts That Contain Acidic Cations and Basic Anions, Buffer Solutions, How to Calculate the pH of a Buffer, The Common Ion Effect, The Henderson–Hasselbalch Equation, How to Prepare a Buffer with a Certain pH, Correlation of pKa and pH$12

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